Flow-cytometric DNA ploidy analysis in primary and metastatic canine thyroid carcinomas

Verschueren CP, Rutteman GR, Kuipers-Dijkshoorn NJ, et al.

Anticancer Res 1991;11:1755-1761.

DNA ploidy was measured by flow cytometry in 36 primary malignant thyroid neoplasms (including 6 bilateral tumours which were considered as separate neoplasms) from 30 dogs. In addition, DNA ploidy was determined in local recurrences in 3 dogs, and in 18 metastatic sites from 14 dogs. Aneuploidy was found in 21 of 36 (58%) primary sites. Eighteen of the 21 (86%) aneuploid tumours contained hypodiploid cell populations, with 12 having single hypodiploid peaks, and 6 being multiploid. Three other tumours had single aneuploid peaks with a DNA index (DI) greater than 1.0. The DIs in local recurrences were identical to those in the original neoplasms. Ploidy status (diploid vs. aneuploid) was identical in primary and metastatic sites in 10 out of the 14 dogs. Aneuploidy was more frequent in carcinomas from dogs with distant metastases (78%) than from dogs with less advanced stages of disease (53%), although this difference was not significant. There was no significant correlation between DNA ploidy and histopathological variables. From the strikingly high frequency of hypodiploidy in canine tumours, it is concluded that ploidy evolution in canine neoplasms may differ from that in human tumours.