Scintigraphic diagnosis of insulinoma in a dog

Lester NV, Newell SM, Hill RC, et al.

Vet Radiol Ultrasound 1999;40:174-178.

Diagnosis of insulin-secreting tumors of the pancreas can usually be made on the basis of endocrine testing and exclusion of other causes of hyperinsulinism. In dogs, these tumors have a poor long-term prognosis due to a high rate of metastases and recurrence; staging (and therefore prognosticating) is difficult and usually done at the time of surgery. The purpose of this article is to describe a canine patient with an insulinoma, discuss the diagnostic imaging options for tumor evaluation and mention future directions for therapy. Insulinoma was suspected in an 8-year-old intact male Irish Setter. Somatostatin receptor scintigraphy using indium In-111 pentetreotide was performed and an area of increased radiopharmaceutical accumulation was found craniomedial to the right kidney. At surgery a small mass lesion in the pancreas and a larger, closely associated mass involving a mesenteric lymph node were removed. Histopathology confirmed the diagnosis of insulinoma with regional lymph node metastasis. The dog recovered from surgery and remained normal fourteen months later.