Surgical treatment of a canine intranasal meningoencephalocele

Martle VA, Caemaert J, Tshamala M, et al. 

Vet Surg 2009;38:515-519.

OBJECTIVE: To report the clinical signs, diagnosis, and surgical treatment of an intranasal meningoencephalocele in a dog. STUDY DESIGN: Case report. ANIMAL: Female Border collie, 5 months old. METHODS: A right intranasal meningoencephalocele was identified by computed tomography and magnetic resonance imaging. RESULTS: The lesion was approached by a modified transfrontal craniotomy. Surgical closure of the defect at the level of the cribriform plate and removal of extruded brain tissue resulted in regression of lacrimation and coincided with absence of seizuring. Treatment with phenobarbital was gradually reduced and stopped at 7 months after surgery. At 28 months the dog remained free of seizures. CONCLUSION: Meningoencephalocele, although rare, can cause seizures in dogs and can be treated surgically. CLINICAL RELEVANCE: A transfrontal craniotomy with excision of the meningoencephalocele and closure of the defect can be an effective treatment for an intranasal meningoencephalocele in dogs.