Magnetic resonance imaging and ultrasonography in the diagnosis of a malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor in a dog

Platt SR, Graham J, Chrisman CL, et al.

Vet Radiol Ultrasound 1999;40:367-371.

A 9-year-old male neutered mixed breed dog had a two-month history of progressive left thoracic limb lameness. There was electromyographic evidence of denervation potentials in all muscles of this limb. In magnetic resonance images a multilobulated, hyperintense mass was visible caudal to the middiaphysis of the left humerus on T-2 weighted images. The mass, which was isointense with surrounding tissue on T1 weighted images, extended proximally towards the brachial plexus. The mass was also visible as a fusiform structure of mixed echogenicity sonographically, although fine-needle aspiration performed at this time was nondiagnostic. A malignant peripheral nerve sheath tumor was diagnosed histopathologically.