Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract 2010;40:1-19.
The initial evaluation of patients with brain disease is focused on determining the neuroanatomic diagnosis and the etiologic diagnosis. This evaluation is based on obtaining a careful history and performing a neurologic examination. Based on these results, the clinician recommends further diagnostic tests to confirm the diagnosis. By following this orderly process of clinical reasoning, it is usually possible to determine the cause of the patient’s brain disease, which provides a prognosis and allows specific therapy.