Investigation of the association between serum protein concentrations and concurrent chronic kidney disease in hyperthyroid cats

Williams TL, Elliott J, Syme HM, et al.

Res Vet Sci 2017;115:412-417.

Our objective was to identify if changes in serum protein concentrations occur in hyperthyroidism and to assess their association with the development of azotaemia following treatment. Initially non-azotaemic hyperthyroid cats and healthy older cats were included. Serum concentrations of protein fractions were determined by agarose gel electrophoresis and compared between; hyperthyroid and control cats, initially non-azotaemic hyperthyroid cats which developed azotaemia in a 4month follow up period (masked-azotaemic) and those which remained non-azotaemic, and hyperthyroid cats before and at the time of restoration of euthyroidism. Data are presented as median [25th, 75th percentiles]. Hyperthyroid cats (n=56) had higher serum alpha2 globulin concentrations (12.5 [10.9, 13.1] g/L vs. 9.8 [3.0, 11.4] g/L; P<0.001) and lower serum gamma globulin concentrations (11.4 [9.1, 13.3] g/L vs. 14.0 [12.4, 16.8] g/L; P=0.001) than control cats (n=26). Following treatment, serum total globulin concentration increased (from 38.6 [35.4, 42.8] g/L to 42.3 [39.0, 45.7] g/L; P<0.001), serum alpha2 globulin concentration decreased (from 12.5 [10.9, 13.9] g/L to 11.5 [10.1, 12.6] g/L; P<0.001) and serum gamma globulin concentration increased (from 11.4 [9.0, 13.3] g/L to 14.0 [12.4, 16.8] g/L; P<0.001). Serum concentrations of total globulin or globulin fractions were not significantly different between masked-azotaemic and non azotaemic groups. In conclusion, hyperthyroidism is associated with altered serum concentrations of the alpha2 and gamma globulin fractions, however these changes were not associated with the development of azotaemic chronic kidney disease following treatment.