Myelopathy secondary to aortocaval fistula in a cat

Kube SA, Vernau KM, Wisner ER, et al.

Vet Radiol Ultrasound 2004;45:528-531.

A 15-month-old neutered male cat was presented for progressive paraparesis of 3 months’ duration and suspected cardiomegaly. Neuroanatomical localization was a T3-L3 myelopathy. On abdominal ultrasound, an anomalous vessel with turbulent blood flow was identified arising from the caudal vena cava. Myelography showed a bilateral ventrolateral extradural spinal cord compression from T12 to L4. Nonselective angiography and contrast-enhanced computed tomography clearly indicated a vascular complex and vena caval aneurysm with an engorged internal vertebral venous plexus. Surgical occlusion of the anomalous vessels was unsuccessful.