Computed Tomography Of The Llama Head: Technique And Normal Anatomy

Hathcock JT, Pugh DG, Cartee RE, et al.

Veterinary Radiology & Ultrasound 1995;36:290-296.

Computed tomography was performed on the head of 6 normal adult llamas. The animals were under general anesthesia and positioned in dorsal recumbency on the scanning table. The area scanned was from the external occipital protuberance to the rostral portion of the nasal passage, and the images are presented in both a bone window and a soft tissue window to allow evaluation and identification of the anatomy of the head. Computed tomography of the llama head can be accomplished by most computed tomography scanners utilizing a technique similar to that used in small animals with minor modification of the scanning table.